Free research essays on topics related to: benito mussolini
When Mussolini learned that Prime Minister Luigi Facta had given Gabriele d'Annunzio the mission to organize a large demonstration on 4 November to celebrate the national victory during the war, he decided on the March to accelerate the process and sidestep any possible competition. He did not participate in the march, though he allowed pictures to be taken of him marching along with the Fascist marchers, and he comfortably went to Rome the next day.
On 24 October , Mussolini declared before 60, people at the Fascist Congress in Naples : "Our program is simple: we want to rule Italy. On 26 October, the former prime minister Antonio Salandra warned current Prime Minister Luigi Facta that Mussolini was demanding his resignation and that he was preparing to march on Rome. However, Facta did not believe Salandra and thought that Mussolini would govern quietly at his side. To meet the threat posed by the bands of fascist troops now gathering outside Rome, Luigi Facta who had resigned but continued to hold power ordered a state of siege for Rome.
Having had previous conversations with the King about the repression of fascist violence, he was sure the King would agree.
Benito Mussolini. - A-Level History - Marked by tiobourhaho.cf
The march itself was composed of fewer than 30, men, but the King in part feared a civil war since the squadristi had already taken control of the Po plain and most of the country, while Fascism was no longer seen as a threat to the establishment. Mussolini thus legally reached power, in accordance with the Statuto Albertino , the Italian Constitution. The March on Rome was not the seizure of power which Fascism later celebrated but rather the precipitating force behind a transfer of power within the framework of the constitution.
This transition was made possible by the surrender of public authorities in the face of fascist intimidation. Many business and financial leaders believed it would be possible to manipulate Mussolini, whose early speeches and policies emphasized free market and laissez faire economics. By Mussolini claimed to have nationalized "three-fourths of the Italian economy, industrial and agricultural", more than any other nation except the Soviet Union.
Mussolini pretended to be willing to take a subalternate ministry in a Giolitti or Salandra cabinet, but then demanded the presidency of the Council. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the movie by Dino Risi, see March on Rome film. Rome , Italy. Carsten, Francis Ludwig The Rise of Fascism. University of California Press.
A Villa Built During Milan’s Fascist Period Finds a Second Life
Cassells, Alan. Fascist Italy. Arlington Heights, IL: H.
Davidson, Gallo, Max. New York: Macmillan , Leeds, Christpher.
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Italy under Mussolini. Hove, East Sussex: Wayland, Chiapello, Duccio.
Marcia e contromarcia su Roma. Marcello Soleri e la resa dello Stato liberale. Rome: Aracne, Gentile, Emilio.
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E fu subito regime. Il fascismo italiano e la marcia su Roma. Rome-Bari: Laterza, The Seizure of Power: Fascism in Italy, — Author: O'Brien, Paul. Access: openAccess. Department of History, , pp Abstract: The thesis analyses the writings and speeches of Benito Mussolini in the First World War and in the winter and spring following the armistice. It seeks to locate Mussolini's position in relation to the State's reluctance to effect a broad political and cultural mobilisation of the population for the war, and explores the extent to which his responses to this failure represented the incubus of fascism.
The thesis attempts to identify the social, political, military and cultural influences on Mussolini as he endeavoured, through his writings and speeches, to mythologize himself as the charismatic fulcrum of a new form of political legitimacy. The thesis challenges longstanding historiographical assumptions concerning Mussolini's political culture before, during and after the war.
It argues that far from representing a means to bring on revolution, the war provided a catalyst for a clarification of deep-rooted nationalist, imperialist and anti-socialist tendencies to which Mussolini inclined even before Rather, while fascism's ascension to government in the post-war period cannot be viewed as inevitable, neither can the significance of the chronological proximity between the war and the fascist seizure of power be ignored.
Fascism could emerge as an option to the post-war crisis of State authority, and could come to government and consolidate power by using, amongst other things, a composite system of war myths — intervention, victory and the fallen soldier — combined with 'Mazzinianism', all of whose substantial meaning had been determined by Benito Mussolini during the conflict.
Hitler, Mussolini, And Stalin Essay
The thesis argues that the future Duce achieved this in the conditions of a failed political and cultural mobilisation from above and, between February and October , and more importantly again after Italy's defeat at Caporetto, of a middle class 'self-remobilization' from below. Advisor: Horne, John. Qualification name: Doctor of Philosophy Ph.
Publisher: Trinity College Dublin, Ireland. Department of History.
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