Alexander the great battle of granicus essay

Some say that Zeus was his father but it is probably just a myth. Aristotle taught Alexander in his early teen years.

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He stimulated his interest in science, medicine, and philosophy. In the summer of BC, Alexander's father was assassinated, and Alexander ascended to the Macedonian throne. He found himself surrounded by enemies at home and threatened. Early Life 1. The temple of Diana at Ephesus burned down the day Alexander was born, an omen most that meant that the force that would destroy Asia was born.

Zeus was commonly known to disguise himself as a snake when he slept with mortal women. However, the accuracy of the film takes a turn when transitioning from Alexander taking over gaining more power and taking over the thrown and the battle of Gaugamela. Before his father, Philip, died a Greek city called Thebes. Within this essay, the information of Alexander will come from three different sources,and be compared to find the similarities in the history of Alexander amongst them.

Alexand lived from B. The three sources used have many similarities and broaden the history of Alexander, as they include more into the timeline of his life. Referring to the textbook, the.

Battle of Granicus - Rome Total War: Alexander

He never lost a battle, and before his thirtieth birthday, he had conquered from Greece to India. His military conquests paved the way for Hellinization, the spread of Greek culture, throughout the world.

Prior to the battle, Alexander the Great decided to take the same route Darius took on his way to Issus. Alexander III of Macedon, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, is one of the most legendary figures in our history and in the history of the world. His conquests and endeavors echoed far and wide, bringing about new eras and ideas to the world. During the course of his life and reign, Alexander had fought and won many battles and wars, defeating. When Alexander. He was inspiration for conquerors to come such as Hannibal, Napoleon, and Pompey along side Caesar.

Alexander was born in BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. At a young age Alexander watched his father turn Macedonia. The warrior-king dominated territories that included Egypt, Greece and the present-day Pakistan, Iran, and Turkey. Alexander spent his year reign working to bring together the East and the West using military strength and cultural exchange.

He combined battleground victories with kingdom-building tactics to extend his territories. Alexander the Great, he is one the most glorified and historically significant leaders within history.

Unique, the one word that could be used to describe the details and importance of his life. Unlike his predecessors that came before him, what sets him apart has to be how he rose to power and how he used that power. And even though he only lived until the age of 33, he accomplished what those that came before him failed to do so. The topics to be discussed are how he rose to power and what he managed.

Philip was assassinated in BCE and Alexander inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom. When we think of Alexander the Great, we think of an outstanding war hero. When we think of Napoleon Bonaparte, we think, again, of an outstanding war hero. If a random person were asked who either of these rulers was, their first response would be a fact about war. Alexander and Napoleon share similarities in their warfare, and how they used it to conquer and establish new lands. Alexander the Great has truly shaped and inspired the entire world as one of the greatest and most successful military leaders in history.

Alexander has influenced many writers, as he is included in the national literatures of some eighty countries. At the age of just thirty, Alexander had conquered what was known as oecumene the inhabited world. Alexander the Great has become worldly recognized and lives on to this day as a modern hero who took on, conquered the world and spread Hellenic culture.

Alexander was born in July B. The parents were far from a happy couple, and Alexander was raised primarily under the influence of his mother.

Biography, Timeline, and Study Questions

At the age of thirteen, he was sent to study with Aristotle—an education that was for the most part formal. Aristotle promoted the belief that non-Greeks were naturally slaves, thus encouraging the prince's thirst for conquest. Ultimately, however, Alexander would reject this belief, at least implicitly, as. Antipater and Parmenion, two powerful courtiers, aided Alexander in his rise to power and thus, Alexander inherited the war his father was about to start.

Alexander and Parmenion crossed the Hellespont in the spring of BC and attacked the local Persian army, which was defeated near the Granicus river located in modern day Turkey. After this victory, Alexander and his men traveled south. The Persian fortress of Sardes surrendered and the Macedonians occupied. An Important preserved mosaic from this period that makes use of the tesserae technique is The Alexander Mosaic.

The Alexander Mosaic utilizes the minuscule pieces of material to create highly detailed complex portraits in a emotive and action filled composition.

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  6. Created in c. The ancient mosaic has many large. After the Persian war, the Peloponnesian war took place, which was led by sparta. As they are father and son, Philip II did a lot less than his son Alexander. Alexander wanted to fulfill his father 's visions, which he exceeded his expectations. The trojan war took place in B. As this war has little evidence that it happened, it was passed down through many.

    Word Count: During the times of ancient Greece, perhaps one of the most influential and known powers was Macedonia. Phillip II worked internally in the regions near Greece strengthening his country, while Alexander operated very far from Greece, conquering. Alexander the Great was one of the greatest ruler's and conquerors of all time. He conquered the mighty Persian Empire and most of the known world at that time. Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela.

    At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River. Alexander died in Babylon in BCE, the city he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. He founded some 20 cities that bore his name, the most notable being Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in the mold of Achilles, and he features prominently in the history and myth of Greek and non-Greek cultures. He became the measure against which military leaders compared themselves, and military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics.

    He never lost a battle, despite typically being outnumbered. His impressive record was largely due to his smart use of terrain, phalanx and cavalry tactics, bold strategy, and the fierce loyalty of his troops. Alexander used its speed and maneuverability to great effect against larger, but more disparate, Persian forces.

    Alexander also recognized the potential for disunity among his diverse army, due to the various languages, cultures, and preferred weapons individual soldiers wielded.

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    He overcame the possibility of unrest among his troops by being personally involved in battles, as was common among Macedonian kings. The defile was very narrow, and could have been easily defended. However, the Persian satrap of Cappadocia had an inflated view of his own abilities.

    He had been at the Battle of the Granicus River , and had believed that Memnon's scorched Earth strategy would work here. He didn't realize that the different circumstances of the terrain made that strategy useless.

    Battle of Granicus | Summary |

    Had he mounted a credible defence of the defile, Alexander would have been easily repulsed. He left only a small contingent to guard the defile, and took his entire army to destroy the plain that lay ahead of Alexander's army. The Persian contingent that was supposed to guard the defile soon abandoned it, and Alexander passed through without any problems. Alexander supposedly said after this incident that he had never been so lucky in his entire career. After reaching Mount Taurus, Alexander's army found a stream that flowed from the mountain with water that was ice cold.

    Not thinking, Alexander jumped into the stream, suffered a cramp and then a convulsion, and was pulled out nearly dead. He quickly developed pneumonia , but none of his physicians would treat him, because they feared that, if he died, they would be held responsible. One physician named Philip, who had treated Alexander since he was a child, agreed to treat him.

    Although he soon fell into a coma, he eventually recovered. The battle of Issus took place in November BC.