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The development of the whole person was emphasized through teachings which were often shared in storytelling. Each group of first Nations has its own legendary hero through which much learning was transmitted, including Raven, Nana bush and Weakachak.
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Although there was little segregation of family for events, whether social or work-related, children were taught that there were times when they should be silent and allow adults to speak without interruption. Silence was regarded as the cornerstone of character. Traditional education was largely an informal process that provided the young with the specific skills, attitudes and knowledge they needed to function in everyday life within the context of a spiritual world view.
In the early 17th century, missionaries were brought over from Europe to establish schools for Indians. The Protestant churches did not get involved until after the turn of the 19th century. Day schools were the first to be established. The day schools were largely abandoned in favor of residential boarding schools from the latter s through to the s, though a few day schools did continue to be built, and the building of day schools on reserves accelerated after Llewellyn, Residential schools were designed to isolate children from their parents and the influences of the reserve.
Children stayed at the residential schools for at least ten months of the year, from the ages of six sometimes younger through to 18 years. Residential schools provided a very basic education designed to prepare students for futures as working farmers, housemaids, mechanics or the like.
It was to make provision for the domestic and Christian life of the Indian children. The residential schools were oppressive. After being separated from their families, the children were then subjected to a severe regimen of work. The boys were expected to clean the stables, butcher cattle, mend broken machinery and work in the fields.
459 Words Essay on Boarding Schools: Advantages and Disadvantages
The same was true of the girls who had spend half of their time doing laundry, sewing, working in the kitchen and doing other forms of housework Llewellyn, The residential school was most notable for the incredibly high mortality rates among the students. Many died from the effects of tuberculosis.
The federal government became involved in the education of the Indians in the mids. The residential schools became jointly operated by the government and the church. The government was responsible for inspection, special rules and regulations as well as making financial grants. The highest recorded number of such schools in Canada was 80, in The enrolment in the schools varied anywhere from 50 or so to over students of all ages Wells, Most of these schools were closed by themeds.
However, in Saskatchewan, several remain but under the control of the First nations bands and offer culturally sensitive environment to the students. The residential schools have had a lasting negative effect on First Nations people as a whole. These schools removed children from their parents and their communities. Generations of Indian children were denied a normal family childhood. For many, residential schools meant the loss of their native language, the principal means by which culture is accumulated, shared and transmitted from generation to generation.
The result was a tragic interruption of culture. The legacy of the residential schools was one of cultural conflict, alienation, poor self-concept and lack of preparation for independence, for jobs and for life in general. Much of what was learned and experienced in residential schools was a direct and purposeful contradiction to the philosophy of traditional First Nations societies as a whole. There was a bunch of other residential schools that students were abused, Gordon was just an example of one of them Unnecessary measures were taken when the Canadian government planned to assimilate the Aboriginal people.
This case study involves both de jure discrimination and de facto discrimination experienced by Aboriginals based on their culture. At the schools, the children were subjected to emotional, physical, and profound sexual abuse. This led to children growing up without any recollection of whom their families were.
Education Provided By the Federal Government and the Missionaries
Furthermore, they were isolated from both their cultural and spiritual roots. The course of action was to teach the Natives as young children, so that once they became adults, they would run with the Jesuits back to their gathering and help the clergymen with teaching the Nation While some DHH students are placed in other educational settings depending on their circumstances, majority of those who have experienced residential schools cannot help but express how glad they are of the experience.
Because of the low incidence of deafness, we seldom see residential schools for DHH students. Better Essays words 2 pages. In school we are always taught about the lighter parts of Canadian History, but only until recently have Canadian students been taught about the darker parts of our history. The goal of these schools was to teach the aboriginal children about Christianity and Canadian customs, in hopes of them passing these practices on towards their own children and it would eventually be adopted Better Essays words 3.
At first the settlers were humble to Indigenous peoples and learnt how to survive the diverse land of what is known as Canada. As settlers began getting established in Canada, the land began getting taken over by Europeans. The signing. Abstract This research explores how the residential schools established in the 19th century affected the Native population and the Canadian government.
American Indian boarding schools
This has been done by examining primary sources such as digital archives, books, statistics and reports. Upon examination of these events, it becomes clear that residential schools had a long term negative impact on the Aboriginal communities and created a negative image to the Canadian government. Generation after generation of indigenous children were denied the right to speak their own language, explore spirituality and to learn about their rich cultural history.
These schools were designed to assimilate indigenous children into the society of the European settlers. America to the lives of Indigenous people, has had a tremendous impact comprehensively.
Conclusion - Residential Schools
After so, this contact decimated every aspect of the Indigenous way of life. The health and well-being of Indigenous people initiated to worsen severely not only in the physical aspect but also mental. According to National Household Survey conducted in , 1,, people have been identified as being a member of one of the Aboriginal groups within Canada.